Ayurveda is the oldest traditional healing system practiced in India and most comprehensive holistic healing system in the world. The word Ayurveda is originated from the two Sanskrit words, Ayur means life and Veda means science.
Ayu is defined as a combination of body, senses, mind and spirit is dead and it is not Ayu.
Therefore while defining thus stage it has been mention that one having equilibrium of doshas and agni (digestive and metabolic enzymes) with proper functioning of dhatu(tissues) and mala(metabolic byproducts and excretions) and possesses happiness of atma (spirit), Indriya (senses) and mana (mind) is a healthy. Thus ayurveda deals with disease person and not solely with his disease.
It is the complete science of life and not merely treatise on some of the medicine or treatments of the disease. Ayurveda has mainly three aims viz.
1. To preserve the health,
2. To promote the health of the healthy person and
3. To cure the disease of the patients
Ayurveda practiced by special physicians called Vaidya. Vaidyas are known to promote positive health, natural beauty and long life.
Shamana Chikithsa (Curing of diseases)
Manages the symptoms of the disease and treats the cause of the disease with the help of various Ayurveda medicine and therapies. In Ayurveda there are thousands of medicines consisting of herbs, minerals, and biological products, which are used singly, or jointly to suppress and cure diseases, particularly when the disease is at an early stage.
Shodana chikithsa (Prevention of diseases)
It is one the most important and advanced techniques in Ayurveda and is an internal purification process. Purification can be used to cure diseases and at the same time to promote the healthy state of the body. Shodana chikitsa removes the Ama and Mala (toxins) from the body and restores the balance of the Doshas. Shodana Chikitsa consists of a three-stage purification process as follows:
Purva Karma: Preparatory purification prior to the main purification.
Pradhana Karma : The main five purification methods (known as Panchakarma treatment)
Paschath Karma : post rejuvenation therapy.
Our ancient worshipful saints could again see the human body is made up of five basic elements i.e. earthen, water, energy, air and space. Balancing the different elements in the body. This life-science could see the physiology of human body in three Humors (Tridosha) & human mind in another set of three Humors (Satwa-Raj-Tama). These are known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha (the "Doshas" or body humors). The Doshas are the three main combinations of the five elements (ether, air, fire, water, and earth). These five elements in the body can be balanced through diet and herbs that possess the essence of each element.
Shamana therapy involves suppression of vitiated doshas. The process by which disturbed doshas subsides or returns to normal without creating imbalance of other humors is known as shamana.
Pathya Vyavastha (dietetic) comprises indications and contraindications in respect of diet, activity, habits and emotional status. Emphasis on do's and don'ts of diet etc is laid with the aim to stimulate Agni and optimize digestion and assimilation of food in order to ensure strength of tissues.
Nidan Parivarjan (avoid causing factors) is to avoid the known disease causing factors in diet and lifestyle of the patient.
Satvavajaya (psycho therapy) concerns mainly with the area of mental disturbances. This includes restraining the mind from desires for unwholesome objects and cultivation of courage, memory and concentration.
Rasayana therapy (Rejuvenation) its deals with rejuvenation of body & promotion of body strength and vitality. Ayurveda is not simply a system of medicines but giving light to the way of healthy living. Ayurveda consider a human being in totality keeping in view his subtle relationship with the environment.
Life according to ayurveda, is a combination of senses, mind, body and soul. According to Ayurvedic medicine, human body consists of three primary life forces or biological humors, which are Vata, Pita and Kapha. These three doshas are called the tridoshas. A balance among these life forces is essential for proper health. Any imbalance among the tridoshas causes a state of unhealthiness or disease. Ayurvedic system says that this imbalance is the effect of the constant reaction of the internal environment of body to the changes in external environment. It is only required that we bring back normalcy to the balance of these doshas, to bring back the state of healthiness. The concept is not just on curing bodily aliments but also on preventing. Ayurveda emphasizes that 'prevention is better than cure. Today most of us live a high stress, fast food life style. Our environment creates excessive amount of pollutants, as the result, we accumulate large quantities of toxin in our bodies. If these toxins are left in the tissues and blood stream, these toxin begin to cause cellular deterioration, which can lead to degenerative diseases. Panchkarma is a detoxification and purification process of the body. It is design for each individual to eliminate these toxins through a combination of massage, herbal steam, some panchkarma procedures, special food, dietary patterns and mild fasting.